Best Pond Sealer And Paint That Are Safe For Fish

A sealed concrete pond with Epoxy SealerConcrete is a great pond building material as well as the bricks. But both type of pond needs to be waterproofed before you stock it with fish. It can be done by using liner, paint or other sealants.

In this article, I will talk about two best pond sealer and paint that you can use to waterproof your Koi pond.

Our Recommended Pond Sealer And Paint

What Type of Paint or Sealer is Used for Waterproofing Pond

Although there are many ways to seal a pond, Epoxy paint and Liquid Rubber paint is most widely used. You can also use other waterbased waterproofing paint for this purpose. But these two work best.

Epoxy paint is the first choice of pond owners and there are good reasons behind that. It consists of a base as a curing agent. After you have finished painting your concrete pond, it will give a durable waterproof surface.

The reason is Epoxy is resistant to chemical agents which makes it last longer. Another good side of Epoxy Paint is it is fully safe for fish, pond plants and any other animal.

Epoxy paint is brittle. Hence if the concrete has micro-crack and any settlement occurs after the painting is done, it will break in that place.

The downside of epoxy is it is expensive than other paints. But being nontoxic it is still the first choice when it comes to painting a concrete pond.

As a substitute to Epoxy Paint, you can use the Liquid Rubber paint. It is cheaper than Epoxy and can give almost the same performance.

After application when it is cured, it forms a waterproof membrane. Being flexible it will not damage easily. Also, rubber paint doesn’t contain any volatile material and non-toxic to fish and another animal. You can use this one when you want to save some bucks.

Best Pond Paint: Pond Armor SKU-BLACK-QT-R Non-Toxic Pond Shield Epoxy Paint

The Pond Armor SKU-BLACK-QT-R (link to amazon) is the best epoxy pond paint widely used for sealing concrete ponds. It works on various type of surfaces like brick, stone, and concrete.

The best thing about this pond paint is it doesn’t require any primer like rubber paint and it only requires 24 hours to cure. It gives a very smooth surface. Therefore, there will be fewer algae growth in it and cleaning is very easy.

Also, Pond Shield made this Epoxy paint flexible, not brittle. Hence, it will not crack with the concrete and hold water well.

It is safe for fish, plant, and other animals. You can also use it for a turtle pond and birdbath. It also has a great temperature resistant. It can prevent the freeze and thaw action due to temperature change and hence lasts longer.

The coverage of this epoxy paint is awesome. The pack of 1.5 quarts will cover 60 square foot in one coat. It is available in 8 different colors.

Best Pond Sealer: Liquid Rubber Waterproof Sealant

Liquid Rubber Waterproof Sealant (link to amazon) is the best concrete pond sealer. It is a water-based liquid rubber sealant that is safe for both fish and the environment. It is free from any solvent and also VOC free. It works on various type of surface and concrete.

After application, it will form a membrane that is fully waterproof and gives a pleasing appearance. In the bottom, you should apply 3-4 coat in the bottom and 2-3 coat at the side.

The coverage of this sealant is good. It gives 50 square feet per gallon for the flat surface and 100 square feet per gallon for the vertical surface. Use paintbrush or roller to apply this sealant. Use 2 coat of primer before you apply this one.

This liquid rubber sealant should be applied is a completely dry condition. The surface should be free from dust, grease, oil, and paint. While applying the surface temperature shouldn’t be less than 5-degree Celcius.

It will take one to two days to cure. And after that, it will fully hold the water in your pond.

Why You Should Seal Or Paint Your Concrete Pond

The first reason why we paint or seal our concrete pond is to stop lime leaching. Concrete contains a large amount of lime. Not all the lime is used when the concrete sets because it is a never-ending process. The hydration and setting of concrete go forever. If you add water to a newly constructed concrete pond, you will see thing layer of lime over it after 24 hours.

Now, these extra lime can leach and mix with pond water. Lime in water is harmful to fish. So to stop lime leaching, we should seal the concrete pond.

Another reason to seal a concrete pond is to save the reinforcement that is within the concrete. If the concrete is highly damp with water, the reinforcement will get corrosion soo. The result will be a large crack in the pond and water loss.

Although concrete can resist water to some degree, if there is a constant water load on concrete, the water can percolate through it. This causes water loss in the pond and also makes the outside of pond damp. And if the pond is above the ground, there will surely be algae and moss growth which will make it unpleasing.

The final reason to paint a concrete pond is to give it a pleasing appearance. An unpainted concrete pond doesn’t look good as the color of concrete is not black. Most of the pond owner wants their pond to be black because is a pond with a black bottom looks the best.

Epoxy Paint or Rubber Sealant – Which One To Choose For Your Pond

If you have a smooth concrete pond and no problem with the budget, you should go for the epoxy paint. Epoxy paint makes it easier to clean the pond and prevents algae growth in the side as it is very smooth. It also takes very little time to cure. Again there is no need to apply any primer if you use it.

Liquid rubber is recommended when you have a rough finish in your pond, like an unfinished brick pond. It also saves you some bucks when it comes to coverage per gallon. But it takes a longer time to cure than the epoxy. Again algae growth is more than the epoxy as the surface isn’t smooth.

Whatever paint of sealer you choose for your pond, make sure it is safe for fish and pond plants. Also, make sure it is durable because you don’t want to paint your pond every year.

26 thoughts on “Best Pond Sealer And Paint That Are Safe For Fish”

  1. Hi. We have a concrete duck pond which has now developed cracks all over.

    Please advise which is the best thing to use to fix this.

    I am in South Africa and we have a very bad water shortage so really don’t want to waste water through the leaks.

    Thank you so much.

    Beverley

    1. Hi There,
      The sealing method depends on the type of crack. If cracks are micro hair crack, then you should use a rubber concrete sealer. Cracks larger than that should be treated with hydraulic cement patches.

  2. Hi. We are constructing a rectangular water feature about 4′ x 6′, with masonry walls coming up out of the ground along the perimeter. We will use a plastic liner with pad, and the liner will come up and will need to be attached to the masonry walls of the surround. Can you recommend a method for this? Thanks.

    1. Hey John,
      Build the basic masonry structure first. When it sets lay the liner over it and attach carefully with sealant or any other appropriate method. Then cover the bottom with a mix of gravel or coarse sand. If you want to submerge pond plants water lilies, lotus, etc. then use a layer of soil beneath the gravel-sand layer. Use some rock to hide the liner that comes above the masonry wall and easily noticeable.

  3. Hi I have built a small wild life pond we used a plastic pond liner and finished the top off by bringing the liner under and up behind a top capping of brick work left it to dry etc the problem is i have some leaking can i use either of these products to seal the area between the liner and bricks

  4. What type of primer do you recommend under the rubber sealant? I have leftover Drylok- is this appropriate? Thank you.

  5. How long should you let concrete cure before you apply the paint you recommended ? Also why does black colors prevail as opposed to say a green walls?

    1. Concrete needs to be cured 28 days to have 90% of maximum strength. For curing it needs to be moist. So I will recommend you paint it after 28 days of placing the concrete.
      Again black is most privileged because it gives a natural look and can absorb a wider range of wavelengths of the spectrum.

  6. Hello, what about using this for an entire inground swimming pool with cement floor, but polymer walls. I’m tired of pool liner issues. And considering using this all over pool, yes will be expensive but better than replacing liner every few years. Any thoughts?
    Thanks
    Ms.Kentucky

  7. Hi
    We have a pond that has a leak in the liner, we’ve tried a tape that can be submerged to stop leak. It worked for about 6 months, now its coming off and pond is leaking again. Is there any sort of paintable sealant/membrane or epoxy that we could paint over the liner to seal any leaks?
    Cheers
    Zach

    1. It will be better to use a pond liner patching kit for this job. You can find it easily in your local store and online.

  8. I am in the process of cleaning and fixing a large Koi Pond that came with the house we prchased 4-Years ago. Likely establish 10+ years ago. the concrete is crumbly around the wate line (it must have been sealed with something, but coming apart now). No leaking that I can detect. Fish are doing fine. Have not lost one in over two years. Two ponds actually; upper (about 3,500 gallons) that waterfalls into a lower (about 5,000 gallons). I plan to transfer all fish to one and work on the other, then reverse the process. My big question is why BLACK.??? I’d think a light or dark blue would “look” better. As this is rather new to me, I figured best to ask. Thank you
    Mike

    1. Basically black color has two advantages. Firstly it gives a natural look to the pond and secondly, black color can absorb a broad range of wave lenght of the spectrum.

  9. I have a small concrete pond, rectangular in shape and in good condition. The previous owner painted it and now the paint has peeled off. I can scrape the old paint. Should I use a rubber sealer? Do I have to prep the surface first in any way? Does rubber sealer come in the colour blue? This pond will have no fish or plants.

  10. Stephanie Green

    I’m begging for some good information please?? Can you use this on a PVC liner? I have tried this 3 times and I just don’t think I have it in me to do again unless I can find a sure thing as far as keeping the water to leak out of the seams where 2 liners were put together? And body. It’s just not in my budget right now to buy 1 liner the exact size. However this wasn’t supposed to be this big when I started.

    1. These sealers and paint won’t work for joining two pieces of liners. You will need quick prime or quick prime spray to join them.

  11. Greetings,
    I am building an aquaponics system. I will be using 6″ cement bricks for my fish tank (4x4x3). What can I use as a sealant that is fish safe and food safe.
    Thanks,
    Frank

  12. I have a small approximately 175 gallon cement pond with a 37″ deep bottom and no drain. It was installed over 2018-19. I liner I installed last year worked until mid-this summer, then drained down to a place where the thick black liner has torn. I could use a liner kit to repair this tear, though I fear more tears will appear over time.
    This points toward some sort of brushed or sprayed on pond non-toxic pond line. I understand there are two methods of drying out the concrete making the surface suitable so the concrete is dry through the thickness of the concrete, (3-4″ thick in this case).

    These methods are: Desiccant DH and Condensation DH
    What can you tell me about these methods of drying concrete and which one would you suggest?

  13. I have 5 ponds divided up two sides of steps. The ponds have rubber and PKE liners. The falls are made of porous rock and they are leaking. I want to paint a sealant on my rocks where the waterfalls fall. Which is best:

    1. flex seal
    2. liquid rubber
    3. pond shield
    4. Herco

  14. Hello

    I have a painted concrete pond with hairline cracks. The paint is not flaking. Should i try to remove all of paint or is there a product that can go over it?

    Thanks

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